River Cities Fiber Clan


  Spinning Wheel Terms And Parts 

  • Bench... also called table the table of the wheel where the wheel and spinning mechanism are mounted
  • Bobbin... the shaft of the spool onto which spun yarn is wound on a spinning wheel
  • Distaff... a staff that holds the flax or wool fibers which are being drawn from a needed when spinning. It can attach to a belt, mount on bench or be free standing
  • Drive band... cord carrying the power from the large wheel to the spindle or bobbin/pulley
  • Drop spindle... (Hand spindle) a stick with a weighted whorl that is used to twist fibers into thread
  • Flyer... u shaped device on a treadle spinning wheel that twists the yarn
  • Footman... the straight piece of wood or wire that connects the treadle to the axle/crank of a spinning wheel
  • Maidens... (Or sisters) two upright pieces of wood that hold the spinning apparatus in a horizontal position
  • Mother of all... usually, the entire spinning mechanism on a wheel; maidens, flyer, and bobbin
  • Spindle pulley... the small grooved whorl that carries the drive band connecting the spindle to the drive wheel
  • Treadle... the foot pedal that turns the main wheel, or the process of pushing the pedal of the main wheel
  • Whorl... the weighted part of a drop spindle that helps it to spin. Also the spindle pulley that regulates the speed of the spinning wheel spindle